Official Birthstones list provided by American Gems Society since 1934
For long time people have believed in the superpowers of gemstones, and that, depending on one’s character and state of health or mind, an appropriate gemstone can help them in their life.
There are several classifications of gemstones and their correlation with calendar months and the Zodiac (western, eastern, traditional, modern, etc.), but in this article we will explain the Official Birthstone chart by American Gems Society.
According to this, the origin of birthstones dates back to the Aaron prophet (elder brother of Moses), when the breastplate with 12 gemstones was used to communicate with God. It’s also known as Priestly Breastplate, or the Breastplate of Judgement.
The first person to notice the correlation between the 12 gemstones in Aaron's Breastplate and the 12 Zodiacs, and 12 months of the year, was Jewish historian Josephus. But because of different variations of translation and interpretation of the passage in Exodus, where the Breastplate was described, even Josephus had 2 different lists of Birthstones, and now it’s unknown exactly which gemstones were used.
Many centuries have passed since then, and in 1912 the Jewelers of America joined together to standardize the birthstones by month of birth.
Official Birthstone List – Gemstones by Month and Birthstones by Zodiac
January - Garnet
Birthstone of Capricorn (January 1-19) and Aquarius (January 20-31)
January’s birthstone is Garnet, and it is a gemstone of love, passion and good luck. It stimulates creativity, opens the heart and promotes joy. Garnet balances emotions and brings courage and hope. Garnet helps you to become open-minded and self-confident.
It’s also known for metabolism activation properties and helping to cope with problems with the heart, blood and lungs.
Red Garnet is especially connected with love and anger control.
Additional birthstones for January: Ruby, Agate, Onyx, Lapis Lazuli, Opal, Turquoise.
February - Amethyst
Birthstone of Aquarius (February 1-19) and Pisces (February 20-28/29)
Amethyst provides inner peace and heals body and soul. This February birthstone also increases nobility and spiritual awareness. Amethyst controls evil thoughts and increases intelligence. It fosters intellectual powers, growth and helps you to find solutions in any situation. It also releases stress and helps to fight with anxiety.
Additional birthstones for February: Garnet, Bloodstone, Moss Agate, Jade.
March - Aquamarine
Birthstone of Pisces (March 1-19) and Aries (March 21-31)
Aquamarine provides calmness and peace. The March birthstone is well-known for its balancing effects, stress relief and heart healing. Aquamarine is ruled by the Moon, and is famous for the following benefits: purifying your energy, bringing joy, cooling high temperatures, and helping in speaking the truth.
Additional birthstones for March: Amethyst, Sapphire, Diamond, Topaz, Ruby.
April - Diamond
Birthstone of Aries (April 1-20) and Taurus (April 21-30)
Symbol of purity, diamond brings love and clarity into relations, and grants harmony and prosperity. Diamonds are worn to attract luck, bring trust in relations and provide stability. They protect you from taking rash or quick decisions. April birthstone is also great to wear to enhance other gemstones’ properties.
Additional birthstones for April: Opal, Sapphire, Bloodstone, Topaz, Jasper, Emerald.
May - Emerald
Birthstone of Taurus (May 1-20) and Gemini (May 21-31)
Emerald brings wisdom, love, fortune, and also supports wealth and health. Emerald is the best gemstone to help you pass exams, as it strengthens intellectual properties. May birthstone also helps to strengthen creativity and level-up your communication skills. Emerald also treats brain and respiratory problems.
Additional birthstones for May: Agate, Carnelian, Sapphire, Coral, Turquoise.
June - Pearl
Birthstone of Gemini (June 1-20) and Cancer (June 21-30)
June birthstone is a pearl, and it is connected to the moon, family, love, and a steady life. Pearls are known for fighting insomnia. Pearls strengthen the mind and are good in balancing family relations. This gemstone can fight depression and gives tranquility.
Additional birthstones for June: Moonstone, Emerald, Chalcedony, Alexandrite, Agate.
July - Ruby
Birthstone of Cancer (July 1-22) and Leo (July 23-31)
Ruby is a well-known precious stone that strengthens leadership qualities, family relations, and boosts confidence and luck in love. July birthstone also increases feelings of love and compassion and the warmth of the wearer. It clears confusion and makes its wearer alert and agile. Ruby is used to fight diarrhea and high blood pressure problems.
Additional birthstones for July: Sapphire, Carnelian, Sardonyx, Onyx.
August - Peridot
Birthstone of Leo (August 1-22) and Virgo (August 23-31)
Peridots are the crystals of positive powers: they provide healing, support intuition and stimulate growth. They are well known for their calming properties and for protecting against negative forces. August birthstones are used to heal liver and gall bladder, and boost metabolism.
Additional birthstones for August: Sardonyx, Sapphire, Diamond, Carnelian, Ruby, Alexandrite.
September - Sapphire
Birthstone of Virgo (September 1-22) and Libra (September 23-30)
Sapphires are the symbol of the heavens and are the guardians of innocence. They promote good health and provide protection during travels. Sapphires bring wealth and are also known as stones of wisdom. They help face any existing problems and find good luck in new beginnings. September birthstones can treat blood disorders and calm overactive body systems.
Additional birthstones for September: Moonstone, Agate, Peridot, Sardonyx, Zircon.
October - Opal
Birthstone of Libra (October 1-22) and Scorpio (October 23-31)
Opals stimulate creativity and protect the wearer from bad luck and diseases. It’s an emotional and very sensitive gemstone, which reflects the mood of its wearer. It encourages freedom and strengthens memory. Good to treat fevers, infections, and also deep emotional wounds.
Additional birthstones for October: Tourmaline, Coral, Beryl, Aquamarine, Jasper.
November - Topaz
Birthstone of Scorpio (November 1-22) and Sagittarius (November 23-30)
November birthstone is Topaz, and It’s a symbol of love and affection. Topaz also promotes concentration and self-confidence while stimulating creativity. It brings joy and energy. An important Topaz benefit is that it provides self-control. It’s good to use topaz to heal problems with the stomach and eating disorders. Some people believe that topaz makes someone's thoughts come true.
Additional birthstones for November: Chrysoprase, Pearl, Citrine.
December - Tanzanite
Birthstone of Sagittarius (December 1-21) and Capricorn (December 22-31)
Stone of transformation, tanzanite is used in meditations as a healing stone. It’s a powerful asset to use for spiritual growth, because it balances and channels all energies in your body. Tanzanite helps to control emotions. Thanks to its healing properties, it’s used to fight skin and hair problems, and to eliminate post-surgery complications.
Additional birthstones for December: Chrysoprase, Lapis, Onyx, Ruby, Zircon, Tanzanite, Blue Topaz.